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Showing posts from November, 2018

Corn DDGS is a high-value feed ingredient in swine diets: Part 6

By Drs. Jerry Shurson and Pedro Urriola, University of Minnesota Department of Animal Science
© 2018 Feedstuffs. Reprinted with permission from Vol. 90, No. 11, November 5, 2018


As we described in part 5 of this series, the relatively high fiber content of dried distillers grains plus solubles (DDGS) significantly reduces the ratio of net energy (NE) to gross energy (GE) in corn DDGS fed to swine. As a result, there has been tremendous interest in supplementing DDGS diets with various commercially available carbohydrases and proteases to increase the NE:GE ratio in corn DDGS.


Swiatkiewicz et al. (2015) summarized responses from adding various enzymes to corn DDGS diets for swine (Table 1). In general, the majority of these studies showed improvements in nutrient digestibility when enzymes were added to corn DDGS diets, but these were often not associated with improvements in growth performance. Several studies summarized evaluated only phytase responses and not combinations of phytases …

Corn DDGS is a high-value feed ingredient in swine diets: Part 5

By Drs. Jerry Shurson and Pedro Urriola, University of Minnesota Department of Animal Science
© 2018 Feedstuffs. Reprinted with permission from Vol. 90, No. 10, October 1, 2018



The gross energy (GE) content of corn dried distillers grains plus solubles (DDGS) – at 5,429 kcal/kg of dry matter – is much greater than the 4.45 kcal/kg of dry matter for corn, 4,730 kcal/kg for soybean meal and the GE of other common ingredients used in swine diets.

 However, the efficiency with which pigs utilize GE in DDGS, as measured by the net energy (NE)-to-GE ratio, is low (0.49) compared with corn – at 0.49 versus 0.68, respectively (National Research Council, 2012) – but NE:GE can vary from 0.42 to 0.46 among DDGS sources with variable crude fat content (Kerr et al., 2015).

Of all of the chemical components in feed ingredients, lipids provide the greatest amount of NE (kcal/kg), followed by crude protein and starch, with a limited amount provided from dietary fiber (Noblet and van Milgen, 2004). Th…

Breed-to-wean farm factors associated with influenza A virus infection in piglets at weaning

Reprinted as posted on Swine in Minnesota blog
A scientific article written by Dr. Fabian Chamba Pardo when he was doing his PhD in the Torremorell lab was recently published in the journal of Preventive Veterinary Medicine. The study presented aimed to look at the various factors influencing the influenza infection status of piglets at weaning.

Highlights
Sow vaccination decreased influenza infections in piglets at weaning.Influenza positive gilts at entry were associated with positive piglets at weaning.More work is needed to assess herd closure, gilt isolation and gilt vaccination.

Ventilation Strategies During Manure Pumping

By Erin Cortus, Assistant Professor and Extension Engineer, University of Minnesota
Originally appears in The LAND – October 19/October 26, 2018


Fall is a transition season. After crop removal, while temperatures are cool and before soil is frozen, is an opportune time to transfer manure from manure storages to the soil for next year’s crop use. Ventilation goes hand in hand with manure pumping activities. However, fall weather also means large temperature and wind fluctuations are likely, and these conditions influence ventilation system management and performance. This article dives into ventilation strategies and considerations while pumping manure.

But first…manure pumping safety considerations are widely published and shared, but it never hurts to share them one more time! Manure pumping includes both agitation and pumping or removal out of the barn. Agitation creates a larger disruption of the manure volume. Any disruption of stored manure promotes the release of gases like hydroge…

Swine Energy Management Seminar - Hog the Energy Savings!

Swine producers and agribusinesses in Southern Minnesota are welcome to attend a Swine Energy Management Seminarat the Knights of Columbus Hall, 920 East 10th Street, Fairmont on Thursday, November 15 from 10:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m.  Attendees will hear about:Mapping out your plan for Energy Efficiency: An Energy Audit - Jill Eide, Certified Energy Manager of Great River EnergyGreat River Energy incentives for Farm Energy AuditsWhat an Energy Audit coversHow to use your Energy Audit: rebates, NRCS and REAP fundingPanel of area farmers who have implemented smart energy technologiesStraight talk about on-farm solar energy from UMN Extension CERTs Program - Fritz EbingerFinancial and energy modelingTax credits and explanation of utility fee structureOn-farm siting considerations

Storing, Drying and Handling Web Soybeans

By: Liz Stahl, Crops Extension Educator and Seth Naeve, Extension Soybean Agronomist
As posted on the Minnesota Crop News Blog


While almost impossible to accomplish in most years, harvesting soybeans at a moisture content between 13 to 15% helps maximize yields while minimizing harvest losses. Cool, cloudy, and rainy conditions this fall, however, have led to large increases in soybean moisture content. With cool conditions in the forecast, soybeans may be harvested at much higher moisture levels this fall than usual.

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Women in Ag Network to Host Farm Financing Workshop

Are you looking for financing for your farm and not sure where to begin or want to know about the variety of financing options?

"Micro-Loans, Grants, and Traditional Farm Financing" workshop is presented by the University of Minnesota Extension's Women in Ag Network (WAGN). The WAGN is a collaboration of Extension with USDA's Minnesota Farm Service Agency.When: December 13, 2018 - Registration at 9:45 a.m.; Program 10:00 a.m. - 2:00 p.m. with lunchWhere: Willmar Regional Extension Office, 1802 18th St. NE, Willmar, MNCost: $15 (includes lunch)Register: z.umn.edu/WAGN-Financing; deadline to register is December 7, 2018

Trade Aid Package: Market Facilitation Program Update

The United States Department of Agriculture's Farm Service Agency (FSA) offices have updated their guidance for the Market Facilitation Programs (MFP).

FSA has further clarified ownership dates for inventory numbers.

MFP Pig Ownership
Number of live animals in ownership. Producers may select any date from July 15, 2018 through August 15, 2018 as the date for which ownership is reported.

Hogs must be produced for commercial marketing.

Recently Published

Congratulations to the following swine faculty and educators from the Swine Extension Team who have had their work published recently.

Hau, S., Allue-Guardia, A., Rusconi, B., Haan, J., Davies, P., Frana, T., Eppinger, M., & Nicholson, T. (2018). Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Analysis Indicates Genetic Distinction and Reduced Diversity of Swine-Associated Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ST5 Isolates Compared to Clinical MRSA ST5 Isolates. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.02078.

Hau, S., Haan, J., Davies, P., Frana, T., & Nicholson, T. (2018). Antimicrobial Resistance Distribution Differs Among Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Sequence Type (ST) 5 Isolates From Health Care and Agricultural Sources. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.02102.

PQA Plus and TQA Certification Classes Coming Up

Are you current with your Pork Quality Assurance (PQA) Plus and/or Transport Quality Assurance (TQA) certification? Upcoming training and certification classes include the following dates:

November 28 - Stewartville, MN - American Legion Post 164, 1100 2nd Ave. NWDecember 12 - Mankato, MN - MN Pork Board Office, 151 Saint Andrews Ct., Ste. 810 PQA Plus certification is scheduled from 9:00 a.m. - noon and TQA from 1:00 - 4:00 p.m. at all locations.

Information can also be found on MN Pork Board's website (www.mnpork.com). Pre-registration is encouraged by contacting Colleen at Minnesota Pork Board at colleen@mnpork.com or call 1-800-537-7675.

Upcoming Events Calendar

November 2018
Nov. 7: SowBridge program - "Euthanasia on Farm: A Practical Approach"
Nov. 7: Secure Pork Supply workshop 9 a.m. - noon, LeSueur, MN
Nov. 8: Secure Pork Supply workshop 9 a.m. - noon, Mankato, MN
Nov. 8: Secure Pork Supply workshop 2 - 5 p.m., Faribault, MN
Nov. 14: PQA Plus Advisor Training, Marshall, MN
Nov. 19: Secure Pork Supply workshop 1 - 4 p.m., Lafayette, MN
Nov. 26: Secure Pork Supply workshop 1 - 4 p.m., Worthington, MN
Nov. 27: Secure Pork Supply workshop 9 a.m. - noon, Pipestone, MN
Nov. 28: PQA Plus & TQA, Stewartville, MN

December 2018
Dec. 5: SowBridge program - "Biosecurity Practices: Before & After PEDv"
Dec. 5: Secure Pork Supply workshop 1 - 4 p.m., Hutchinson, MN
Dec. 6: Secure Pork Supply workshop 9 a.m. - noon, Winthrop, MN
Dec. 6: PorkBridge program - "Sorting pigs in Wean-to-Finish Facilities to Maximize Output"
Dec. 12: PQA Plus & TQA, Mankato, MN
Dec. 13: Secure Pork Supply workshop 1 - 4 p.m., Rushford Village, MN
Dec…

Episode 8: Swine manure as a side dressing nutrient source in corn

Sarah Schieck, UMN Swine Extension Educator talks to Melissa Wilson, University of Minnesota Extension Specialist in manure nutrient management about one of her research projects where she is looking at using swine manure as a side dressing nutrient source in corn.

Research highlighted in this podcast was funded by the Minnesota Pork Board and Minnesota Soybean Research and Promotion Council.
ListenListen to the podcast z.umn.edu/PodcastEpisode8(recorded October 19, 2018)  SubscribeOn iTunesOr through your favorite podcast app by searching UMN Extension Swine Learn MorePork Network featured research in this podcast in an article titled, Hog Manure Might Be Corn's Next Sidedressing Option by Sara Brown. Further connect with the UMN Manure Management team by:
Visiting their website at www.extension.umn.edu/manureVisit the Minnesota Crop News blog and look under the "Manure Management" and "Nutrient Management" labels for manure management related posts.Follow the…

Corn DDGS is a high-value feed ingredient in swine diets: Part 4

By Dr. Jerry Shurson, University of Minnesota Department of Animal Science © 2018 Feedstuffs. Reprinted with permission from Vol. 90, No. 9, September 4, 2018

Despite the high nutritional and economic value of adding high amounts of dried distillers grains plus solubles (DDGS) to growing/finishing pig diets, one of the challenges has been to minimize its effect on reducing carcass yield and pork fat quality.
However, it is well documented that feeding DDGS has no appreciable effects onporkleanqualityandsensorycharacteristics and, therefore, provides a consumer eating experience similar to pork produced from pigs fed corn/soybean meal diets (Xu et al., 2010b; Leick et al., 2010; McClelland et al.,2012).
One of the most consistent effects offeeding DDGS diets togrowing/finishing pigs is a slight reduction in carcassyield. Although this response does not always occur when feeding DDGS diets, it is fairly common. The reduction in carcass relative to live bodyweight is a result of the increa…