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Showing posts from May, 2019

A quick guide to Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae diagnostics

Microbiome studies in swine systems: Challenges and opportunities (Part 2)Reprinted as posted on Swine in Minnesota blog. Materials by Dr. Maria Pieters, University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine

Dr. Maria Pieters, head of the MycoLab has created an online quick guide to help swine practitioners decide which sample type they should collect if they are looking for Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae. View the online quick guide.

The guide classifies the sample types on their sensitivity and if collected antemortem or postmortem:
Oropharyngeal swabsTonsillar swabsNasal swabsLaryngeal swabsDeep Tracheal swabsBronchial LavageLung Tissue Each sample type is linked to a page listing advantages and disadvantages of the technique along with a "How to Sample" video.

Educate yourself on foreign animal diseases

UMN Swine Extension has been working with Dave Wright, Secure Pork Supply coordinator with MN Board of Animal Health on spreading the word about Secure Pork Supply (SPS) Plan. The latest is four short videos to assist producers and veterinarians in identifying and preparing for a possible Foreign Animal Disease. The videos are intended to supplement materials found on the Secure Pork Supply website and focus on:Secure Pork Supply (SPS) Intro video (7:13 minutes)SPS - Foot and Mouth Disease video (5:21 minutes)SPS - Classical Swine Fever video (5:58 minutes)SPS - African Swine Fever video (12:19 minutes) The videos can be viewed on the UMN Swine Extension YouTube Channel. They are also embedded in Step 7 of the "Seven Steps to Participate in Secure Pork Supply" found on the UMN Swine Extension blog. If you missed the SPS workshops that were held this fall/winter, be sure to check out the Secure Pork Supply blog post.

2019 Midwest Farm Energy Conference

The 2019 Midwest Farm Energy Conference is scheduled for July 10-11, 2019 at the West Central Research & Outreach Center, Morris, MN.

Conference will include:
Optimized systems for dairy production, including solar shading for grazing cattleEnergy conservation and generation in swine facilities, featuring sow cooling and piglet heating systemsOpportunity to network with energy experts and professionals

Dr. Peter Davies receives the Howard Dunne Memorial Award

Dr. Peter Davies, UMN College of Veterinary Medicine faculty received the 2019 Howard Dunne Memorial Award at the American Association of Swine Veterinarians (AASV) conference in March. The Howard Dunne Memorial Award is one the most prestigious recognition given to an AASV member for their important contributions and outstanding service to the association and the swine industry.

Read more about Dr. Peter Davies and his contributions.

May is mental health month

Join the U.S Ag Safety and Health Center's effort to promote resources for farmers and rural communities.

Accessing mental health resources and support is challenging for American farmers and their families who increasingly face financial hardship, weather changes, chronic pain, suicidal thoughts and other unrelenting difficulties. This year, the 11 U.S. Agricultural Safety and Health Centers are teaming up to promote resources for farmers during a five-week Mental Health Awareness campaign that focuses on a different topic each week.

Corn DDGS is a high-value feed ingredient for swine: part 11

By Dr. Jerry Shurson, University of Minnesota Department of Animal Science © 2019 Feedstuffs. Reprinted with permission from Vol. 91, No. 04, April 1, 2019
Less research has been conducted to evaluate the effects of feeding diets containing corn dried distillers grains plus solubles (DDGS) to gestating and lactating sows than for nursery and growing/finishing pigs.

However, there is substantial evidence indicating that adding up to 30% DDGS to lactating sow diets and up to 50% DDGS to gestation diets can result in acceptable sow and litter performance.

The first study to evaluate the use of DDGS in gestating sow diets was conducted 40 years ago by Thong et al. (1978) using DDGS as a replacement for soybean meal. A total of 64 gilts were fed diets containing 0%, 17.7% or 44.2% DDGS during gestation. There were no differences in the number of pigs born per litter and average pig birth weight among dietary treatments. These results provided the first evidence suggesting that DDGS could repl…

How to read pigs' ear notches

Do you need a refresher on how to read pigs' ear notches using the Universal Ear Notching System or do you mentor youth who show pigs and are looking for a good way to teach them to read ear notches? In the new video below, created by Sarah Schieck, swine Extension educator, Sarah answers why ear notches are needed for most shows, including 4-H, and explains how to read ear notches.

Recently published

Congratulations to the following swine faculty and educators from the Swine Extension Team who have had their work published recently.

Garrido-Mantilla, J., Alvarez, J., Culhane, M., Nirmala, J., Cano, J.,& Torremorell, M. (2019). Comparison of individual, group and environmental sampling strategies to conduct influenza surveillance in pigs. BMC Veterinary Research, 15, 61. doi: 10.1186/s12917-019-1805-0.

Machado, G., Vilalta, C., Recamonde-Mendoza, M., Corzo, C., Torremorell, M., Perez, A., & VanderWaal, K. (2019). Identifying outbreaks of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea virus through animal movements and spatial neighborhoods. Scientific Reports, 9, 457. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-36934-8.

Urriola, P., Mielke, J., Mao, Q., Hung, Y., Kurtz, J., Johnston, L., Shurson, G., Chen, C., & Saqui-Salces, M. (2018). Evaluation of a partially de-oiled microalgae product in nursery pig diets. Translational Animal Science, 2(2), 169-183. doi: 10.1093/tas/txy013.

Zhu, J. L., Zeng, Z. K., Shurson, …

Quality assurance standards date back 30 years

By Diane DeWitte, Swine Extension Educator
Originally printed in The LAND - April 5/April 12, 2019

Did you know that for 30 years, pork producers in the United States have participated in a voluntary program to ensure that customers have the utmost confidence that the pork they feed their family is safe to eat?


In 1989 the National Pork Producers Council initiated the Pork Quality Assurance (PQA) program to encourage swine farmers to use animal health products responsibly. This voluntary effort was the pork industry’s first step in addressing their food safety responsibilities through self-governance.

Time for PQA+ Advisors to re-certify

June 2019 the revised PQA+ version 4 will be released. All PQA+ Advisor certifications for PQA+ version 3 will expire August 31, 2019, regardless of when an Advisor trained on PQA+ version 3. Therefore all current PQA+ Advisors must be re-certified. Minnesota Swine Extension, in collaboration with Minnesota Pork, will offer PQA+ Advisor re-certification sessions throughout Minnesota. If you are a current PQA+ Advisor, make sure you look at the schedule and register to attend an Advisor re-certification session before August 31, 2019.

Looking to become a PQA+ Advisor?

PQA+ Advisors are the educators who work directly with producers to educate them on the PQA+ program and will help producers obtain PQA+ certification and PQA+ site status at their respective production sites.

Two PQA+ Advisor training dates are planned for NEW Advisors:
May 22 - Mankato, Minnesota Pork Office, 151 St. Andrews Ct., Suite 810                         (9:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.)Nov. 21 - Marshall, AmericInn, 1406 E Lyon St. (9:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m. These PQA+ Advisor training sessions are for new Advisors. Individuals wishing to attend the training session must meet the qualifications to become a Certified PQA+ Advisor. Qualifications include:

PQA Plus and TQA Certification classes coming up

Are you current with your Pork Quality Assurance (PQA) Plus and/or Transport Quality Assurance (TQA) certification? Upcoming training and certification classes include the following dates:
May 15  - Hutchinson, McLeod County Fairgrounds Country Diner, 840 Century Ave.June 12 - Mankato, MN Pork Board Office, 151 St. Andrews Ct., Suite 810June 26 - Mankato, MN Pork Board Office, 151 St. Andrews Ct., Ste. 810                             **PQA only - 6:00 p.m. - 9:00 p.m.**July 17 - Marshall, AmericInn, 1406 E Lyon St. PQA+ certification is scheduled from 9:00 a.m. - noon and TQA from 1:00 - 4:00 p.m. at all locations, unless noted otherwise.

Information for all PQA+ and TQA certification sessions scheduled for 2019 can be found on UMN Extension webpage under courses and events and searching for 'PQA' or 'TQA'. Information can also be found on MN Pork Board's website. Pre-registration is encouraged by emailing Colleen at Minnesota Pork Board or call 1-800-537-7675.

Upcoming Events Calendar

May 2019
May 1: SowBridge program - "Timing of Iron Injections"
May 15: PQA+ & TQA, Hutchinson
May 22: PQA+ Advisor Re-certification, Morris
May 22: PQA+ NEW Advisor certification, Mankato
May 29: SowBridge program - "Water Quality Considerations"
May 30: PorkBridge program - "Water Quality Considerations"

June 2019
June 12: PQA+ & TQA, Mankato
June 19: PQA+ Advisor Re-certification, Mankato
June 26: PQA+ ONLY, Mankato

July 2019
July 3: SowBridge program - "Culling Criteria"
July 10: PQA+ Advisor Re-certification, Fairmont
July 10 - 11: Midwest Farm energy Conference, Morris
July 17: PQA+ & TQA, Marshall
July 25: PQA+ Advisor Re-certification, Pipestone

August 2019
Aug. 1: PorkBridge program - "Contract Growing: the In's and Out's"
Aug. 7: SowBridge program - "Dealing with Delayed Puberty in Gilts"
Aug. 14: PQA+ & TQA, Waseca
Aug. 22 - Sept. 2: Minnesota State Fair
Aug. 28: PQA+ & TQA, Morris

Episode 10: All About African Swine Fever

Sarah Schieck, UMN Swine Extension Educator talks to University of Minnesota Veterinary Medicine Ph.D. Student, Gustavo Lopez about his first-hand experience with African Swine Fever while working in Russia for 6 years.

Listen to the 1, 2019) Learn more through resources referenced in the podcast as well as other resourcesNational Pork Board - Pork Supply -  There you can find information on how to create your farm's specific secure pork supply plan that in the event we experience a Foreign Animal Disease in the U.S and you are a negative site in a control area, having a Secure Pork Supply plan will increase your chance of obtaining a movement permit.United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) - and search for African Swine Fever if you don't see a link on the home page.UMN Swine Extension blog - where you will find the Secure Pork Supply Plan br…